Painful menstruation, also known as dysmenorrhea, is a common condition that affects up to 80% of women, according to Healthline.
It is characterized by cramps, pain, and other discomfort during menstruation.
There are two main types of dysmenorrhea: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type and is not caused by an underlying medical condition. Secondary dysmenorrhea is less common and is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as endometriosis, fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease.
The exact cause of primary dysmenorrhea is not fully understood, but it is thought to be caused by the release of prostaglandins, hormone-like substances that cause the uterus to contract. These contractions can cause pain and inflammation.
There are a number of things that can help to prevent or reduce the severity of painful menstruation, including:
- Taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
- Using a heating pad or hot water bottle.
- Getting regular exercise.
- Eating a healthy diet.
- Getting enough sleep.
- Managing stress.
Talking to your doctor about other treatment options, such as birth control pills or hormonal therapy.
If you are experiencing severe menstrual pain, it is important to see a doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions.